GLOSSARY

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FABRIC

In the broadest sense, any woven, knitted, plaited, braided, felted, tufted, or non-woven material made of fibres.


FACE WEIGHT

(pile, yarn weight) – The amount of surface yarn in a square yard of carpet (expressed in ounces per yard),excluding that which extends below the primary backing. Face weight is a combination of density (gauge plus stitch rate) and pile height


FADING

Gradual, irreversible loss of colour intensity, usually due to exposure to light (actinic radiation, especially direct sunlight); or from contact between dyes and various soils or oxidizing gases (ozone); or fumes from certain liquids .


FAHRENHEIGHT

(f or F) – A scale for measuring temperature. On the Fahrenheit scale, water boils at 212F (100C) and freezes at 32F (0C). Fahrenheit is converted to degrees centigrade (Celsius) by subtracting 32 and multiplying by 5/9ths. Cp _centigrade_


FAIR MARKET VALUE

The price at which an article would change hands between a knowledgeable buyer and seller, neither of whom is under pressure to complete the transaction.


FASCIA

A flat board, band, or facing strip used by itself or in combination with mouldings, generally at the outer face of a cornice; sometimes called a gutter board.


FA_ADE

A non structural component of either the roof or the walls of a building. Often simply cosmetic.


FIBER SATURATION

The limit of the absorption of moisture by wood fibres. The fibre saturation point for most structural wood is approximately 30%. see _free water_ and _bound water_


FIBREGLASS

Flexible, non-flammable fibre formed by the extrusion of glass filaments, used primarily in drapery fabrics and insulation, and found in structures with rigid flame and sun resistance specifications.


FILAMENT

A single strand of fibre, natural or synthetic. Natural fibre filaments are spun into yarns, and synthetic filaments may be extruded directly into yarn form.